Shiraz is the city of gardens. But look at the pictures of Shiraz, there is a garden that is a fixed leg of all photos. And it is not a garden but a garden of Eram. Eram garden, Shiraz, with trees of cedar and etc. When the only place he went and came, the elders and lords be, but now for many years, open to tourists, opened, etc. It can be used in that way, went from its beauty, the ecstasy came.
Eram Garden (Baq e Eram) is one of the most beautiful and a monumental garden which is registered in UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Shiraz. Eram means Paradise and refers to a part of heaven. It is located along the northern shore of Khoshk river in Shiraz. This garden’s history goes back to Saljuqy Period (A.D.1038-1194), and at 18th century, it was used by local rulers and Persian monarchs. Some persons bought this garden and after passing through the chains of owners, Shiraz Government University, finally handed over it and use it as a Botanical Garden by a lot of special trees like cypresses and famous flowers as a general public for visiting and the place for science researches.
Date, precise to build the garden of IRAM in the hands of not. But it is said that in the period of Seljuks and ideal also has Karim Khan Zand, the most repairments it done, the sanitation, the corners, adding the joey in the middle.
According to the documents at hand, most developments have happened with the advent of the Qajars here. In the period of Nasser al-Din Shah in this place mansion built and after that, the garden, 75 years in the hands of the leaders of the qashqqi Il. The Qashqais also built a mansion in the garden until the Pahlavis took it back, repaired it and donated the garden to the University of Shiraz. What is still going on is that the Botanical Garden is at the disposal of the Faculty of Agriculture in Shiraz, and the building of the garden is at the disposal of the Faculty of law in Shiraz.
One of the main parts of the Eram garden that every fascinated it. Apart from and gardens and flowers and that anywhere in it to sleep and it, for permanent exhibits, flower and plant history. one, Cedar thousand year old here and another mansion the middle of the garden. A mansion that considered one of the masterpieces of the Qajar period.
Paintings of Shahnameh Ferdowsi and Qajar battle, tiling and plastering, along with the central porch tiles that not seen in other buildings of the Qajar period, the more beautiful this three-story building has been. The columns of this mansion inspired by Persepolis and stone inscriptions in the corners of the garden are also memorabilia that remains of Nasir al-Molk, the architect of the building.
Eram Garden (Baq e Eram) like another Iranian Garden includes a main building (Pavilion), trees and the main Iranian element, Water. This pavilion constructed by a local Shirazi architect, Haji Mohammad Hassan Khan. The building consists of two stories, that in the basement you can observe the small pond, and on the second floor a large porch is designed with the two high standing pillars. Two other smaller porches are located on the both sides of main porch. In morning sun lights directly at these porches. This beautiful building decorated with tiles that inscribe with poems by Hafez and Saadi.
When you walk in the garden, you receive a lot of positive energy. Emanating from green trees and colorful flowers. The existence of tall and fantastic cypress trees all around the garden catch everyone’s attention. The graceful scent of flowers, with the song of nightingales and the alluring dance of blossoms enchant the visitors.
In the spring, that flows in the waterfronts, in the middle of the building pours. Also, it goes into ponds and grants Eram garden a great appeal.
History In details:
Ilkhanate and paramount chief of Qashqaei’s tribes of Pars, built the both garden and the building during the middle of 19th century. The quadripartite Persian Paradise garden (Eram Garden). It goes back to the 18th century by Saljuqs. And has an original plot of Bagh e Shah ( the king’s garden). But was much less complicated. In 18th century one of travellers, (Cornelius de Bruyn from Netterland). They visited from this garden, wrote about the structure of garden at that time.
The structure modified over the 150 years and during these years; Eram Garden (Baq e Eram) restored by various participants. The building expanded as a long axis. It designed by a local architect, Haji Mohammad Hasan. The building contains 32 rooms on two stories which I mentioned above. Tiles decorate with poems from the poet Hafez written on them. The structure renovated during the Zand and Qajar dynasties.
A British ambassador in Iran (Sir Denis Wright) in 1965 was invited by the Chancellor of Shiraz University0 Asadollah Alam, to a celebrity in Eram Garden for Princess Alexandra of the Oglivy. The compound came under the protection of Pahlavi University during the Pahlavi era. And it used as the College of Law. The building housed the Asia Institute.
It say that if you want nice, the garden and the clear water and blue pool to the good sense. In the morning to go to here, choose the sunlight makes a glint of water. Its color more to the eye come. You can in the garden hopping, and later on one of the desks sit down and drown all the beauty around yourself. Also, to an ice cream or Paloodeh Shirazi, etc. syrup and orange in that corner of the garden, sell, etc.
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