Mashhad district is the administrative capital of Khorasan Â province, the largest province in Iran. Mashhad is situated in north east of Khorasan province. Its population is 5.2 million people most of whom reside in Mashhad city. Its area is a mountain side region with moderate climatic condition. Mashhad city comprises many historical areas like Tous, Sanabad and Nawghan which are now the localities of the city. Other tourist attractions in Mashhad areÂ Goharshad Mosque,Â The Nader Shah Mausoleum,Â Bazaar-e-Reza, Mashhad.
Imam Reza shrine is a complex which contains the mausoleum of Imam Reza, the eighth Imam of the holy prophet’s descendants, those who had all the criteria of piousness and greatness manifested in themselves being an excellent paragon of graciousness. It is the largest mosque in the world by dimension and the second largest in capacity. Also contained within the complex include: the Goharshad Mosque, a museum, a library, four seminaries, a cemetery, the Razavi University of Islamic Sciences, a dining hall for pilgrims, vast prayer halls, and other buildings.This complex is the center of tourism in Iran.
There is an International Airport (Hashemi Nejad Airport)Â in Mashhad.Â There are flights fromÂ Â all the cities which have flight to Mashhad. The large cities like Tehran, Isfahan, and Shiraz have flight everyday maybe more than 2~3 times a day.
Mashhad Tourist Attractions:
Imam Reza Holy Shrine, Goharshad Mosque, Nadir shah Afshar Mosque, Water waves Land, Ferdowsi Park and mausoleum, Torqabe sightseeing village restaurant, Shandiz village restaurant, sculptures, Reza Bazaar.
During the Abbasid caliphate this region gained prime importance. After the burial of Imam Reza (A.S) in this place it became famous as Mashhador Reza ( the burial place of Imam Reza ( A.S) ). It flourished and prospered during the Safavid period and became the second largest city in the Islamic world. The existence of the holy shrine of Imam Reza (A.S) in the city of Mashhad has made it the pilgrimage center of the Shi’ites of the world attracting more than 15 million pilgrims from Iran and various countries.