The Guide Brick Tower; Gonbad-e Qābus

Gonbad-e Qābus is a historical monument dating back to the 4th century AH which is located in Gonbad-e Qābus city, Golestan province. The building, which is the world’s tallest brick tower, is located above ground slopes that are 15 meters taller than Earth. The height is 72 meters.

The dome, the tallest brick tower in the world, is part of the historic building of the 4th century AH. This tower was built during the reign of Shemmsam al-Ali, Qaboos Ibn Vashmyr of the kings of Al-Ziar.

Gonbade Qabus , The Tallest Brick Tower in the Wold

Kofi Calligraphy on the Brick Tower

The two inscriptions on the Kofi Calligraphy, the belt, have been decorated with the body of the building, one side at the foot of which is 8 meters and the other above is under the dome of the cone. These inscriptions are simple, bricky, prominent and legible, and their rectangular frame is a bricks.

The desire of Gonbad-e Qābus, which was registered on December 15, 1310 and number 86 among the national works of Iran, has been registered as a UNESCO World Heritage site for many years at the UNESCO World Heritage Convention.

Based on a brick inscription in the building, written on the Kofi Calligraphy and surrounded by a tower, the tower was built in 397 AH (375 AH) and ordered by Qābus Ibn Washamir.

The building is made entirely of brick and mortar. One of the most prominent features of the Razi architecture is the use of bricks of the best quality.

Gonbade Qabus , The Tallest Brick Tower in the WoldIn Ancient Iran, they built supernatural buildings to guide travelers along roads and roads, which they called “desires”. The word or sign in the word means the place of light and the place of fire.

Gonbade Qabus , The Tallest Brick Tower in the Wold

The Use of Guide Towers

These towers, in addition to the paths in the cities, were also designed to show the main location of the urban fabric, it was usually a monolithic building with very simple decorations.

The function of these towers was that in the crown they burned fire to be detected on dark nights or foggy days. They also used fire extinguishers in the towers to send messages to distant areas using light rays.

During the Sassanid government, these towers were considered a kind of fire place, and the responsibility of keeping fire was in the hands of the priests. These towers have also astronomical applications due to their height and geometry.

These guide towers, which in the past were referred to as lanterns and lanterns, were customary from pre-Islamic times, but in the fourth to sixth centuries AD, the construction of these buildings was very thriving.

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