Iranâs political capital is a big and busy city with the largest population(something more than 10 million people)and where change happen first. It was introduced by Aqa Mohammad Khan as capital in 1795. It is located on Alborz mountain skirts so has a moderate weather. Although it is a modern city it has many historical sites such as palaces of royal families and museums.
Golestan palace: Between Imam Khomeini Sq and the bazaar In what was once the heart of Tehran is this monument to the glories and excesses of the Qajar rulers,several grand building around a garden(you must get separate ticket for each building.)Naser al Din Shah who was impressed by European palaces he had seen built this originally much bigger palace into this palaces of flowers.This complex has 17 palaces,museums and halls.
National jewels museum:You might have already seen paintings in art gallery of Golestan palace showing of incredible jewels of Safavid and Qajar monarchs which are now preserved in national jewels museum located in the basement of National Bank of Iran in Ferdowsi Ave.Make sure you donât miss the 182 carats pink diamond called Darya-ye Nor said to be the worldâs largest uncut diamond also Peacock Throne and Jeweled globe.
National museum of Iran:The building of this museum which is inspired by Sassanian architecture is located in Si Tir St. with two separate parts for ancient and Islamic era.The Archaeological hall of this museum has rich collections dating from Paleolithic(1 Million to 1200 years ago) era to Sassanian(1500 years ago).
Saad abad museum complex:A royal summer home in Phlavi period is located in Valiasr Ave. Taheri st. with 18 building house museums exhibit diverse subjects such as royal dishwareâautomobiles and paintings.Some of these museums are as follow:
White palace or Palace of the Nation:Phlavi summer residence is filled with extravagant furnishings,paintings and carpets.
Green palace or Shahvand palace:The more classical looking palace with over the top design and wall to wall mirrors belongs to Reza Shah. The most interesting of the remaining museums include: the Royal Automobile Museum , with its Rolls Royce, Cadillac and a âuniqueâ armored Mercedes Benz 600.
Niavaran palace:This museum complex consists of several buildings such as Sahebqranieh that exhibits Shahâs golden phone and royal pistols.Another highlights include a Kerman carpet showing persian shahs from Achaemenids as well as some European sovereigns like Napoleon.
Tehran bazaar:Traders and shopkeepers have been making money in this place for over 1000 years.The bazaar stores line Â Â Â Â Â Â Â more than 10km of lanes and there are several entrances, but itâs worth using the main entrance, in a square opposite Bank Meli.This place is a city within a city with guesthouses, banks, a church, a fire station and several mosques.Most lanes specialize in a particular commodity: copper, paper, gold, spices and carpets, among others.
Glass and Ceramic museum:A short walk north of National museum there is a beautiful Qajar building has many exhibits mainly from Neishabur, Kashan, Rey and Gorgan , dating from the 2nd millennium BC to the modern day.
Carpet museum:This museum is a great place to see the regional patterns and styles found in Iran also a few unique carpets such as the Tree of Life with Kings and Notables. The permanent collection is downstairs while upstairs is for temporary exhibitions.