Omar Khayyam Neyshabouri
Omar Khayyam Neyshabouri is one of the great scholars, mathematicians and poets of Iran, born in Neishabour. He was one of the greatest scientists of his timeß 11th century CE. Although he is more known for his poetry, Khayyam was a philosopher and mathematician who translated the works of Abu Ali Sina and translated one of his famous sermons into Persian on the oneness of God. The first reference to Khayyam’s poetry is a hundred years after his death.
“Ah, my Belovéd, fill the Cup that clears
Today of past Regrets and future Fears:
Tomorrow!–Why, Tomorrow I may be
Myself with Yesterday’s Sev’n thousand Years.”
In his youth, he reached high positions in philosophy, astronomy and mathematics, and he was also skilled in medicine. He treated Sultan Sanjar, who contracted smallpox, when he was just a child. About twelve of Khayyam’s works have survived in science and philosophy, but these few have made him famous around the world. One of the most important is his “Algebra“, which is the best work of its kind in mathematics.
Khayyam was an astronomer, and the current Iranian calendar is the result of calculations made by him and a number of other scientists during the reign of Jalal Adin Malik Shah of Seljuk, and is called the Solar Calendar. Khayyam also wrote a treatise on how astronomical calculations work. In addition to mathematics and astronomy, he was proficient in philosophy, world history, linguistics, and jurisprudence. He taught Greek science and philosophy and encouraged students to exercise and cultivate. Therefore, many Sufis and mystics of the time found him close to their method.
Persian Works by Omar Khayyam
One of the famous Persian works attributed to Omar Khayyam is the Nowruz treatise, which recounts the origin of Nowruz and its etiquette in the Sassanid court with a simple and eloquent prose. In this treatise, he speaks with great fascination about the jihadist rites of the ancient Persian emperors and the professions and sciences that attracted their attention, and introduced some of the fictional and historical kings of Iran.
Rubaiyyat-e Omar Khayyam
In the field of literature and poetry, Khayyam gained the most fame in Rubaiyyat or the quatrains, since his quatrains are very simple, unpolluted, and far from obligatory. And while they contain eloquence and rhetoric, they have great and solid meanings. In these quatrains, Khayyam expresses his philosophical thoughts in the best way, and he often composed these quatrains in search of his philosophical thoughts, which is why Khayyam did not have a reputation for poetry in his time and was better known as a sage and philosopher. As his subtle and philosophical quatrains became apparent, his name became a world-renowned poet.
When we read his poems deeply, we find that his poetic thoughts are nothing more than two or three things: the remembrance of death, the regret of the instability of life, and the invalidity of the times. There are rare number of Persian great poets as world-renowned as Omar Khayyam because his poems have been translated into various languages.
“Come, fill the Cup, and in the fire of Spring
Your Winter garment of Repentance fling:
The Bird of Time has but a little way
To flutter–and the Bird is on the Wing.”
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