Sassanian Reliefs in Naghsh e Rostam
Naghsh e Rostam Reliefs are one of the most important and beautiful ancient monuments located about 5 km from Persepolis, on mount Haji Abad.
The tombs of Achaemenid kings, including Darius the Great, Xerxes and Artaxerxes I and Darius II, the important events of the Sassanian era, including the restoration of Ardeshir Babakan, Sassanian’ first king and the victory of Shapur I on the Roman emperors, a monument called┬áZoroastrian Kaaba and a ruined row of Elamites’ reliefs in Naghsh e Rostam.
First Sassanid Relief
The first relief of Naghsh e Rustam is a section carved in the Sassanian period but no carving has been adorned in this part. The site is carved 10 meters for its length, 5 meters height and about 2 meters above the current level.
It seems that this area belongs to the late Sassanian period, which was intended to contribute to the important events of Sassanid era. The depth of this space is more than the other ones indicating more protection has been made for this relief.
Nersi’ Coronation (294-340)
In this role, Nersi receives the ring of power from Anahita (Goddess of Water). In this role, Nersi has a coronal crown higher than Anahita crown. This shows his majesty.
Bahram II (298-276)
In this prominent carving, Bahram II (298-276 AD) is horseback and fighting. His┬á spear is against the enemy and the enemy’s spear is broken.
Bahran’ horse throws a Roman soldier to the ground in the battle. This relief embodies two scenes that are distinguished by a striking lineup. There is a Persian soldier has flipped a flag behind Bahram II.
Shapour I against Roman Emperor
This relief belong to the battle of Shapour I against Valerian the Roman emperor. This victory occurred in 263. Artistically, this relief is the most beautiful picture of the Sassanian victory.
In this carving “Valerian” is a Roman refugee, Philip Arab the king of Roman emperor has kneel down extended one hand to indicate his acceptance of his bounty and begged for forgiveness in front of him. This relief indicates to glory and power of Sassanian Emperor.
Shapour II; The Owner of Shoulders (379-309 AD)
There are two reliefs under the tomb of Artaxerxes I, Achaemenid King: the upper carving is Azar Naghsh or Shapur II which has almost disappeared. The other relief belongs to Hormuz II showing the victorious scene of the king on the enemy.
There is probably a role from Shapur II (379-309) under the tomb of Darius II . In this relief, a ride that has a crown, drops its spear to the enemy, and they both have armor.
The Oldest Relief in Naghsh e Rostam
This relief belongs to two different periods: one era of Elamite 700 years ago and the other the victory of Bahram II (294-274 AD), which was carved on the Elamite’ relief.
In this carving, the king stood among the members of royal family while holding a sword with his two hands to show his power.
Coronation of Ardeshir Babakan (224-229 AD)
In this relief, the coronation of Ardeshir Babakan (224-229 AD) is depicted. Here, Ardeshir Babakan, the founder of Sassanid Emperor and Ahuramazda ride on two horses.
Ardeshir is gaining the ring of power from Ahura Mazda, and Ardavan V, the last king of Ashkani is defeated which is shown under the horse’s hook of Ardeshir. Ahura Mazda also smashes Ahriman, who has snatched two snakes from his forehead. In this relief, Ardeshir is equal to Ahura Mazda.
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