Lake Urmia is the name of a lake in northwestern Iran. According to the divisions of Iran, this lake is located between the two provinces of West Azerbaijan and East Azerbaijan Province. The area of this lake in 1998 was about six thousand square kilometers. This lake is the 25th largest lake in the world in terms of area. Lake Urmia is the largest inland lake in Iran. Also, the largest saltwater lake in the Middle East, and the sixth largest saltwater lake in the world. The water of this lake is very salty. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Philosophy of naming this lake
The name of this lake today is Lake Urmia. It is famous because of the city of Urmia. The capital of West Azerbaijan province. In Turkish it is called Ormo Gulu. In ancient Persian, this lake is called Chichest, which means radiant.
Familiarity with Lake Urmia, the largest inland lake in Iran
In the northwest of our country, there is a lake. It is located between the two provinces of West Azerbaijan and East Azerbaijan Province. This lake was also famous as the largest inland lake in Iran. It was also the second largest saltwater lake in the world before the drought. Since the mid-1980s, the lake has begun to dry up, losing about 88 percent of its area. Many of you have seen pictures of Lake Urmia in red and orange. This color change occurs due to the activity of microscopic organisms inside the lake. These organisms show a more colorful presence with decreasing lake water. Also, increasing salt concentration. To the extent that they have a significant effect on the color of water.
National and world registration of Urmia lake
Due to the existence of unique plant and animal species, the name of Lake Urmia iran was registered in the list of national parks of Iran. The area of this national park was estimated at 462,600 hectares. It was also in the World Heritage List as a biosphere reserve. Biosphere reserves are international natural-bio-protected areas. This area have been formed to prevent irreversible changes and unsustainable exploitation of natural resources. For while requiring the exploitation of nature. And have become one of the most important divisions in the protection of the world.
Importance and value of the national park
- Conservation value for having a variety of wildlife species
- Conservation value for having a variety of vegetation species in the islands
- Tourist, recreational and social value
- Having titles such as: National Park, Endo Biosphere Reserve and International Wetland
- Creating a natural balance in the region of Azerbaijan
- Medical value (sludge therapy)
- International Wetlands
Revival of the tourism bride of Azerbaijan
The title “Blue Jewel of Azerbaijan” is for showing Lake Urmia and the spectacular effects of the only inland reservoir and its lagoons. These natural attractions have attracted many tourists to visit the area over the years. However, these days, with the outbreak of coronary heart disease, the number of tourists in it has decreased. But again, with the control of this disease, the process of visiting this lake has increased. Now the situation of Lake Urmia has been promising. These days, the revival of the waves in the lake, the beaches and the bridge have made it a place for summer tourists to stop and have fun. And you can smell the good smell of this beautiful ecosystem.
The best season to visit the lake
The best seasons to visit the lake are spring and summer. In spring and summer, the temperate climate heats up the travel market to Urmia lake. Also, in autumn and winter, as the weather cools, the air temperature drops significantly in the region. You can join our team, Iran Destination. And get more acquainted with this beautiful lake Iran. Iran travel agency, Iran Destination, will organize your trip to Iran. You can offer your tailor-made trip to Iran or visit our programs on the Iran tour page. You can contact to our Iranian travel agency, our agents are online to answer all your questions.
Sights and entertainment of the Lake
Boating and watching the islands:
In the past, one of the interesting pastimes of Lake Urmia was boating and visiting its various islands. But with the drought in the lake, the fun gradually faded. But due to the water intake of the lake in recent years, this fun has revived and you can take a boat and discover the corner of this beautiful lake. Lake Urmia embraces 102 small and large islands. Each islands which has different characteristics. Some are relatively large and some are very small.
Visiting Kazem Dashi area:
On the west shore of the lake, there is an area called Kazem Dashi. This place was famous as a peninsula before the lake dried up. But as the water receded, the lake became part of the shore and only part of it was submerged. During the growing season of wild anemones, this area becomes its most spectacular form. Also, it becomes the subject of photography for artists.
Treatment with Lake Urmia:
The water properties of Lake Urmia have made its mud suitable for the treatment of various rheumatic, skin and other diseases. The high concentration of salt in the lake also makes floating on the water bring relaxation to the person. Other therapeutic properties of Lake Urmia salt include the treatment of respiratory diseases. For example, as asthma and bronchitis and various types of sinusitis. Take advantage of the extraordinary healing properties of this lake. Of course, to use these properties. Do not do dangerous things and do not go too far from the shore of the lake.
Another unique attraction in Lake Urmia is the salt crystals. Also, there are sometimes seen as white hills around the lake and give snowy faces to its islands.
Lake Crossing Bridge
The Urmia Lake Crossing Bridge is on Lake Urmia. It is part of the Shahid Kalantari Highway. So, the bridge connects the two provinces of East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan in northwestern Iran. This bridge is 1709 meters long. So, 1276 meters has been built inside Urmia lake. It is about 385 meters on both sides of the connecting stairs. By exploiting this route, the distance of 260 km between the two cities will be reduced by half. This bridge plays an important role in the development of tourism. Also, cultural and trade exchanges between the two provinces of East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan.