Delgosha Garden is one of the historical gardens of Shiraz and is located near the tomb of Saadi. Some believe that the history of the garden dates back to the Sassanid era, pre-Islamic era, and some related it to the period of Injou and Muzafar period, and some, like the British diplomat, James Moriah, attributed it to the Zandyeh era.
Glory of Delgosha Garden
The glorious time of Delgosha Garden refers to Timur Gurkani, the first Timurid king. Timur Gurkani goes to Fars after al-Muzafar extinction and orders to build a palace in Delgosha Gardens and at the same time in Samarkand.
It reaches its peak in the Safavid period and then Afsharieh period but after that, Muhammad Taqi Khan Shirazi revolts against Nader Shah Afshar in 1150 and and Delhasha Garden, like other Shiraz gardens was ruined.
The Karim Khan Zand era was an ever-growing period, especially in Shiraz, where was the political capital of Iran in Karim Khan Zand era. However, it was the great time of Iranian culture and history.
Furthermore, The garden is home to the first pavilion in Iran . In 2002, Delgosha Garden was registered as one of Iran National Monuments.
This pavilion is located in the southern part of the Garden. it benefits three floors and the northern section is in two floors. Then, the mansion is built in the style of the Sasanian palace of Bishapur, due to its courtyard and four royal palaces.
Moreover, inside the pavilion is decorated with mirror, walls oil paintings and wooden ceilings. The shapes of flowers are plastered on the walls, which may look attractive to travelers to Iran.
Also, there are some poems written by a 13th-century poet who was buried in the tomb of Saadi, on the calligraphy on plaster.
Sour Orange Trees in Delgosha Garden
Interestingly, there are many sour orange trees throughout the garden which are considered as the symbol of Shiraz. However, these trees shed from mid-April to mid-May. Then, their white and beautiful blossoms flutter in a delicate smell in the air.
In Persian gardens, however, it is common that four streams divide the garden into four parts. This forms the pattern of four gardens which somehow consider as reflection of the Heaven. Furthermore, the garden’s water supply is from the deep wells near Saadi Tomb.
In fact, because of the garden is surrounded by wonderful sour orange trees, hence it names after “Delgosha” and their white and beautiful blossoms cause a delicate fresh air.
Delgosha Garden Museum
Nowdays, the pavilion of the garden has changed to the Radio Museum and instruments such as coins, Quran written on the deer skins of the Seljuk period, stamps, and old maps of Iran from ancient times. The museum is home of more than 50 old radios including the radio which has worked with the oil in past.
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