Bam Citadel was the largest brick building in the world which is located in Bam, a small city in Kerman Province of southeastern Iran. It registered as UNESCO World Heritage Site which includes Bam and its Cultural Landscape. Bam citadel originally can be dated back to the Achaemenid Empire on the Silk Road and even beyond. The importance of the citadel was from the seventh to eleventh centuries, when it was the important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton.
The general building was a large castle containing the citadel, but because of the affective look of the citadel, the entire fortress is named the Bam Citadel.
Because of earthquake on December 26, 2003, this Citadel was completely destroyed, along with much of the rest of Bam and itâ€™s encompass. Several days after the earthquake, Mohammad Khatami, the President of Iran, announced that the Citadel would be rebuilt.
The planning and architecture of Bam citadel are thought out from different points of view. The present form of this citadel one can see that the planners had anticipated the total final form of the building and also the city from the first steps in the planning process. When each step of building developed the complete figure and each additional phase could be suture into the existing section seamlessly.
The Bam citadel is located in the center of the fortress-city, on the point with widest view for security.
There are two different distinguishable parts in the architectural form of Bam Citadel:
â€¢ The rulers’ part which has the most internal wall that was holding the citadel, mill, barracks, 4-season house, water-well, and a stable for 200 horses.
â€¢ There is a bazaar alongside the North to South, and the ruled-over part surrounding the rulers’ place, consisting of the main entrance of the entire fortress-city and the bazaar too.
Three different types are recognizable, among the houses:
â€¢ There are the smaller houses with 2â€“3 rooms for the poor families.
â€¢ Bigger houses with 3â€“4 rooms for the middle social class families.
â€¢ The most luxurious houses for rich families with more rooms oriented in different directions that all of them are suitable for different seasons of the year.