Ancient Necropolis of Iran
Naqsh-e Rostam is an ancient necropolis of Iran, one of the sacred ancient sites for thousands of years which were flourishing on that time. Some historical monuments of the Elamite, the Achaemenid and the Sassanid era have been carved on the mountain.
Tombs are belonged the Achaemenid kings are carved out of the rock face at the remarkable height above the ground. “Persian crosses” Tombs are known locally, and from left to the right are the tombs of: Xerxes, Darius I, Artaxerxes I and Darius II.
Kaabe Zartosht is located In front of the tombs, a cube-shaped building that belongs to the Achaemenid era. The early Sassanid kings of Persia, as mention to the great attachment to their hometown and for honor of rituals such as spiritual power and victory over the enemy curved some design on the skirt of the mountain. Unfinished reliefs, Nerci reliefs, Bahram II battle, the victory of Shapur Roman Emperors (Gerdianos, PhiliArab, Valerian), Azar Nerseh or Shapur II, Shapur II battle, Bahram II, and his courtiers and the coronation of Ardashir Babakan are reliefs of Naqsh-e Rostam.
Ilami relief is the oldest work in these places; other works in this place is Shapur the great’s inscriptions on the wall of the Kaabe of Zoroaster and water well.
It has about 30 minutes to Persepolis for visiting; it is interesting for tourist because Zoroastrian never put their corpses under the ground, because they have 4 sacred elements, Water, Wind, Fire and soil. So they use this structure, burning corpses on the mountains for keeping these elements clean.